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European Commission

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The European Commission is the EU’s politically independent executive arm. It is the only institution responsible for drawing up proposals for new European legislation that would be adopted by the Parliament or the Council of the EU. Moreover, it manages EU policies and allocates EU funding by setting EU spending priorities, it enforces the European Law together with the European Court of Justice (ECJ), ensures that the EU law is properly applied in all member states and represents the EU internationally.

The European Commission operates as a cabinet government, composed by 28 members, one member per each member state and they are informally known as “commissioners”. The candidate President of the Commission is proposed to the European Parliament assembly by the European Council that decides by qualified majority and taking into account the elections to the European Parliament. The President of the European Commission is then elected by the European Parliament by a majority. Following this election, the President selects the 27 other members of the Commission, on the basis of the suggestions made by Member States. The final list of Commissioners has to be agreed between the President and the European Council. The European Commission as a whole needs the Parliament’s consent.

The Commissioners are bound by their oath at the ECJ pledging to respect the treaties and to be completely independent in carrying out their duties during their mandate. The College of Commissioners, includes the President of the Commission, his seven Vice-Presidents, including the First Vice-President, and the High-Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and 20 Commissioners in charge of portfolios.


The European Commission in EUropa.S.

The European Commission in EUropa.S. consists of four (4) Commissioners and the President of the Commission. They shall act as an “informal” College of Commissioners, discussing upon the agenda set in the Parliamentary Committees simulated. Thus, Commissioners’ portfolios for EUropa.S. shall be appointed in a way that matches the topics to be discussed by the Parliamentary Committees.

Within the Conference, the EC will act as a normal committee with every-day sessions. Commissioners will be allowed to enter and address the EP Committees with the status of an observer, when permission is given and under the schedule of the Conference.